The Truth about Hearing Aids
It’s a fact that hearing aids can help most adults with hearing loss to understand and communicate more effectively. It is also a fact that choosing the right hearing aid can be overwhelming…even difficult.
However, you can reduce the stress often associated with shopping for a hearing aid by partnering with an hearing care professional or hearing specialist you trust and who understands your unique needs. With accurate testing, professional guidance and consistent follow-up care, your satisfaction with your investment in hearing aids will be greatly improved.
You can also increase your satisfaction with the performance of your hearing aids by following these helpful tips:
- Have realistic expectations: Hearing aids work very well when they are fitted and adjusted appropriately, but it is important to understand that they do not provide “perfect” hearing or restore your hearing to normal. Instead, hearing aids provide you with additional information to help you hear and understand more effectively.You should expect that your hearing aids are comfortable to wear, both in the way they feel and in the way you hear sounds. If there is any discomfort at all you should seek counsel from your hearing care professional immediately.
- Commit to wearing your hearing aids every day: It takes time to adjust to wearing hearing aids and the amount of time required varies from person to person. You may need just few days to a few weeks or as long as a few months to feel comfortable wearing hearing aids. In general, the greater the hearing loss and the longer amount of time the hearing loss has been present, the more difficult the transition to using hearing aids is. There is no perfect way to learn how to adjust to hearing aids, but hearing care professionals and hearing aid specialists are uniquely trained to help you achieve a smooth transition.
- Understand the truth about background noise: Virtually everyone, hearing aid users and non hearing aid users, complains about background noise at one time or another. There is no way for a hearing aid to eliminate the sounds that the wearer does not want to hear. The good news is that there are now hearing aid circuits and features available that help to minimize some unwanted sounds. For example, research reveals that dual microphones effectively reduce background noise for many people with certain types of hearing losses. Your hearing care professional can help you determine the best circuits and microphone options for your hearing loss and communication needs.
- Two hearing aids are better than one if you have hearing loss in both ears. Wearing hearing aids bilaterally (one in each ear) will improve your ability to:
*Hear in noisy settings
* Allow you to localize sounds in your environment
* Improve your ability to understand speech, especially in the presence of background noise
*Hear soft sounds at lower levels
Buying Hearing Aids
Step #1: The Hearing Aid Evaluation
Your journey to better hearing begins with an accurate audiological evaluation or hearing test. The results of this test, combined with your lifestyle, budget considerations, and personal preferences must be weighed equally when determining the hearing aid that will be of most benefit to you.
At the time of the hearing evaluation, a case history will be taken to determine how you and your family perceive your hearing problem. Questions will also be asked about the onset of the hearing loss, presence of tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and dizziness. Based on the results of the hearing test and the answers to these questions, your hearing care professional or hearing aid specialist may make a referral to a medical doctor for an examination and possible treatment. If the testing reveals a sensorineural hearing loss, a hearing aid may be recommended for one or both ears.
Step #2: Choosing the Hearing Aid that is Right for You
There are literally thousands of hearing aids from which to choose. Your hearing care professional or hearing aid specialist will use the information that you provided in your case history and the results of your audiological evaluation to help narrow those choices for you, but he final decision on which hearing aid to purchase is yours.
The main types of hearing aids available today are conventional (analog) and digital.
Conventional analog hearing aids are basically amplifiers that feature manual volume controls and manual fine-tuning. Primarily beneficial for listening in easy, relatively quiet situations, such as in one-on-one conversations and while listening to the television, this technology provides limited flexibility in meeting individual needs.
Digital Hearing Aid Technology accounts for most of the hearing aids sold today. In fact, the basic digital hearing aid costs about the same as a conventional analog hearing aid. The digital hearing aid contains a computer chip that amplifies sounds digitally. The quality of the sound produced by the computer chip is excellent.
Digital hearing aids are flexible and can be re-programmed by your hearing care professional or hearing aid specialist by using a computer equipped with special software and hardware. These technologically advanced hearing aids can respond to soft sounds in one way and to loud sounds in a completely different fashion. Some digital hearing aids even have the capability to reduce some environmental noises such as motors running or dishes clanging.
Step #3: The Hearing Aid Fitting
During the hearing aid fitting, the device is programmed to meet the needs of the wearer. The new wearer is provided with instructions on how to insert the hearing aid in the ear and remove it, how to change batteries and how to care for and clean the device. This is also the time that the hearing care professional reiterates the function of the hearing aid as it relates to the individual’s life style.
Step #4: Ensuring Your Satisfaction with your Hearing Aids
Hearing aid studies have shown that people who have a positive attitude adjust to hearing with hearing aids more readily. It also helps to:
- Identify communication settings that are difficult for you. Describe those situations to your hearing care professional or hearing aid specialist so he or she can help you develop strategies to manage your difficult listening situations.
- Be patient. Hearing loss typically develops over many years. Becoming re-acquainted with sounds you haven’t heard for awhile will take practice and time. It is important not to become disillusioned or frustrated while your brain adjusts to the sounds provided by your hearing aids
Styles of hearing aids include:
Completely-in-the-canal style hearing aids (CIC): these are the smallest and most cosmetically discreet. The CIC instruments fit completely in the canal and are custom-made. There is a clear nylon string to help with insertion and removal. They are powered with a #10 hearing aid battery.
In-the-Canal style hearing aids (ITC): these are larger than the CIC devices. They fit within the ear canal and are custom-made. They are powered with a #312 or #10 hearing aid battery.
In-the-Ear style hearing aids (ITE): these are larger than the ITC style. They fit in the ear, filling the entire “bowl” of the ear. They are custom made. The customization along with the lightweight and compact size makes these instruments comfortable and easy to manage. They are powered by a #13 or #312 battery.
Conventional Behind-the-Ear style hearing aids (BTE): the processing components are housed in a case that fits behind the ear. Sounds enter the instrument, are amplified, and travel through a tube that is contoured over the top of the listener’s ear and into an earmold inside the ear. BTEs are durable, easy to handle and maintain, and can be easily adapted for use with the wide variety of assistive listening devices. They are powered with a #675 or #13 battery.
Open-Fit and Receiver In the Canal Behind the Ear Style: These are similar to the conventional BTE but are much smaller, making them more discreet. A very small tube leads to the ear canal making this option much more cosmetically appealing while offering superior sound quality.